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Articles

Instrumental Variables Estimation With Flexible Distributions

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Pages 13-25 | Received 01 Dec 2006, Published online: 01 Jan 2012
 

Abstract

Instrumental variables are often associated with low estimator precision. This article explores efficiency gains that might be achievable using moment conditions that are nonlinear in the disturbances and are based on flexible parametric families for error distributions. We show that these estimators can achieve the semiparametric efficiency bound when the true error distribution is a member of the parametric family. Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate low efficiency loss in the case of normal error distributions and potentially significant efficiency improvements in the case of thick-tailed and/or skewed error distributions.

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